Until the middle of the 19th century, Western Art has been reinforced by the logic of perspective and an attempt to reproduce an illusion of visible reality. By the end of the 19th century, however, many artists felt a need to create a new kind of art which would encompass the fundamental changes taking place in technology, science and philosophy. The sources from which individual artists drew their ideas were diverse, and reflected the social and intellectual preoccupations of the culture of that time.
"There are many theoretical ideas behind abstract art. While some have taken the idea of 'art for art’s sake' (that art should be purely about the creation of beautiful effects), others have proposed art can or should be like music, in that just as music is patterns of sound, art’s effects should be created by pure patterns of form, colour and line. The idea, derived from the ancient Greek philosopher Plato, that the highest form of beauty lies not in the forms of the real world but in geometry, is also used in discussion of abstract art, as is the idea that abstract art, since it does not represent the material world, can be seen to represent the spiritual." read more and explore the many forms of abstract art from The Tate Modern in London.
"Abstract Expressionism signaled a new age of American artistic expression in the immediate postwar period (the late 1940s and 1950s). Though never a formal movement or school, “AbEx” grouped together artists—including Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Mark Rothko, and Clyfford Still, amongst others—with interest in spontaneity, monumental size, the individual psyche, and universal expressions of feeling. Historically, AbEx has been broken into two tendencies: Gestural Abstraction (or Action Painting), which emphasized the energy of the painter’s mark, and Color Field Painting, which focused on the creation of vast, seemingly floating areas of color (Helen Frankenthaler). The rise of Abstract Expressionism has been attributed to the influence of European movements like Cubism and Surrealism, which reached New York in the 1930s and ’40s via museum exhibitions, academic institutions, and the stateside relocation of many major European artists due to World War II." - Artsy
Wassily Kandinsky believed that one should not paint things, He first developed many of the theories that shaped his practice in his seminal text, Concerning the Spiritual in Art (1911), where he laid out his tenets for artistic creation as a spiritual act. Later, during his 11-year teaching stint at the Bauhaus, he expanded upon these ideas in Point and Line to Plane (1926).
But Kandinsky did not intend for his theories to be prescriptive. Artmaking, he insisted, was about freedom. Nevertheless, there are several lessons that artists should heed if they are to meet Kandinsky’s requirements Read full text from Artsy
The NAA is pleased to host the group Abstract Artists of New England in our gallery. They meet once a month on Tuesday evenings to share and discuss their work. The group will have an exhibit in July from 7/5 to 7/16 with a reception on Saturday 7/8 7-9p.m. Free and open to the public. Gallery Hours Tu-Sa 11-5p.m. Su 1-5p.m.
If you are interested in joining this group more information can be found on our website.
Members of the AANEG with websites where available.
Joan Corey Hancock
Bonnie Jean Malcolm